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Majestic Marvel #3: The Giant’s Causeway- A Natural Wonder | 100 Wonders of the World Series

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About the Wonder

The Giant’s Causeway is located along the rugged coastline of Northern Ireland in the United Kingdom. The  Giant's Causeway is a natural wonder renowned for its rare archaeological significance, captivating visitors with its mesmerizing hexagonal basalt columns view. It is made up of around 40,000 or more interlocking basalt columns and these columns were formed by Volcanic activity millions of years ago. The hexagonal blocks create perfect stepping stones. The tallest of the columns is 39 feet or 12 meters high, and the cooled lava in the cliffs is 92 feet or 28 meters thick in some places. The Giant’s Causeway has become a popular tourist spot, fascinates visitors or travelers all around the world to marvel at its natural beauty and learn about its archaeological significance. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986. The Giants Causeway is an awe-inspiring sight.

The legend says that an Irish Giant, Finn McCool built a Causeway so he could cross the sea to fight the Scottish Benandonner. Another version says it was built by the Famorians, mysterious and hostile giants coming from under the sea or the Earth. In reality, the rocks were formed some 60 million years ago by the Volcanic eruption.

People admire visiting and taking photos of the cool shapes and want to know the stories behind them. It’s a fun spot for travelers to explore and learn about nature’s wonders.


Location Map

What geological processes led to the formation of the Giant's Causeway, making it a natural wonder along the Northern Ireland coastline?

The formation of the Giant's Causeway is a result of ancient volcanic activity. Around 50 to 60 million years ago, a series of intense volcanic eruptions occurred in the region. During these eruptions, molten basaltic lava rapidly cooled upon contact with the cold waters of the North Atlantic Ocean. This rapid cooling caused the lava to contract and crack, resulting in the formation of the distinctive hexagonal basalt columns that we see today at the Giant's Causeway. The geological processes of volcanic eruptions and rapid cooling played a significant role in creating this natural wonder.

History and Legend

The Giant’s Causeway has formed millions of years ago when the hot lava from volcanoes cooled down quickly and turned into thousands of hexagonal columns.
Back in time, there was a giant named Finn McCool, who lived in northern Ireland. Finn McCool wanted to fight against a giant from Scotland named Banandonner. So, Finn McCool Decided to build a pathway made of stones across the sea to Scotland, but when he reached Scotland, he saw that Banandonner was much bigger than him. Finn McCool ran back home but  Banandonner followed him. Finn McCool’s wife was clever and she disguised him as a baby. When Banandonner saw the baby, he thought that if the baby was that big, then the father (Finn McCool) must be even much bigger, so he decided (Banandonner) decide to run back to Scotland, destroying the causeway behind him. That’s why the Giant Causeway looks like stepping stones today.

Today, the Giant's Causeway is a famous tourist place where people come to see its mesmerizing and amazing natural beauty and learn about its ancient history.

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Getting There

Visa Requirements 

USA citizens do not require a visa to travel to the Giant's Causeway in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom, and US citizens can visit the UK for tourism purposes without a visa. However, it’s always a good idea to consult before planning, and for travel purposes, check our visa section.

Nearest International Airport 

The nearest International Airport to the Giants Causeway is Belfast International Airport (BFS), situated approximately 50 miles south of the site. Belfast International Airport is one of the main airports and offers a range of international and domestic flights. From there visitors can conveniently travel to the Giant’s Causeway by car, bus, or organized tours.

Transportation services The Giant’s Causeway

Bus and Train: From the Belfast International Airport , you can take a bus or train to Belfast city center. From Belfast, you can take a bus or train to Coleraine, which is the nearest town to the Giant’s Causeway. From Colerain, you can take a bus or taxi to the Giant’s Causeway.

Taxi and Private Hire: This option may be more expensive than other forms of transportation. Taxis and private hire cars are available at Belfast International Airport and can take you to the Giant’s Causeway.

Geological Wonders

Formation of Hexagonal Basalt columns :Hexagonal basalt columns are formed through a process called Columnar jointing. Let’s imagine hot lava coming out of a volcano onto the ground. Then this lava cools down quickly, turning into a rock as it cools it shrinks a bit, and cracks form. These cracks make shapes with six sides like hexagons because of the way the rock cools and contracts. Overtime. These cracks get bigger and deeper and create columns with hexagonal shapes. so finally, that’s how the hexagonal basalt columns at places like the Giant’s causeway are formed.

Visitor Center: The Giants Causeway, a visitor center, provides numerous facilities and services to enhance the visitor's experiences and make them memorable for them. Some of the facilities that are available at the giant Causeway visitor centers are:

Visitor desk: Staff members are available at the Giants Causeway visitor center, who can provide guidance on your questions and offer recommendations for exploring the area. They provide you with geological formations, its history, and nearby attractions.

Restroom facility: restroom facilities are provided for visitors, convenience at the giant causeway visitor center.

Cafeteria or food court: The Giant’s Causeway, a visitor center, provides a visitors' café, where visitors can enjoy refreshments and light meals while taking in views of the surrounding landscape.

Visited orientation: Maps orientation, materials, and informational displays are available at the giant causeway to help visitors plan their visit, and navigate the site efficiently without any hurdles.

Photography opportunities: The Giant's Causeway visitor center offers designated photography places, or sports for capturing stunning and memorable photographs of the Giants Causeway and surrounding landscapes.

Wildlife and Floral

The Giants Causeway offers a vibrant ecosystem teeming with diverse wildlife and floral species. Along the coastline, sea birds like fulmars, razorbills, and guillemots soar above the waves, while puffins make their appearance during the breeding season. As for plant life, the area is home to a variety of coastal vegetation adapted to thrive in harsh conditions, including C thrive, kidney vetch, and sea champion. These plants add colors to the rugged landscape and provide essential habitat for the local wildlife. These things make it a fascinating destination for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers alike

When to Travel?

Each season offers its unique job, so basically it’s your personal preferences of what you want or what you hope to experience during your visit.

Summer(June to August): This season offers warmer temperatures which typically range from 16 Celsius to 19 Celsius and long daylight hours. This is the peak tourist season due to warmer temperatures and the busiest time to visit, so be prepared for larger crowds and higher accommodation prices.

Spring(March to May) and autumn (September to November): This season offers mild temperatures and fewer crowds compared to summer. Spring brings blooming wildflowers along the coastline while autumn offers colorful foliage and potentially dramatic cost of scenery, this season is best for outdoor activities and hiking with a more manageable crowd and slightly lower prices for accommodation.

Winters(December to February): This season is quieter at the Giants Causeway, with fewer tourists and lower accommodation prices. Winters are cooler with an average range from 7 Celsius to 9 Celsius.

Special events: However, there aren't any specific seasonal events or special events that are hosted at the Giant's Causeway itself. But various festivals and cultural celebrations are offered throughout the year. For example, in nearby towns, like Bushmills and Ballycastle, you may find events such as food festivals, music concerts, and traditional Irish celebrations like ST Patrick’s Day festivals in March. During the summer months, some activities are offered at the Giants Causeway like art exhibitions, coastal walks, and outdoor markets.

Other Nearby Attractions

  • Bushmills Distillery: This is the oldest working distillery in Ireland. This is where they make yummy whiskey and you can visit this place to learn about the whiskey-making process and maybe try some. Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge: It's a bridge from where you can walk over the sea and see some awesome views. Visitors can cross the page for stunning views of the coastline and Rathlin Island.
  • The Dark Hedges: A great place for pictures and a stroll. This is a road with lots of trees that look like they are from a fairytale
  • Giant’s Causeway Coastal Route: It's a scenic adventure to drive on this beautiful road and see the amazing view of the ocean and small towns there.
  • Dunluce Castle: This is the old castle on a cliff from where you see the ocean from up high.

Local Cuisine

At the giant Causeway, there are not any restaurants or eateries directly, but you can still find local Irish cuisine nearby in town, like Bushmills or Ballycastle. Some must-dry dishes include Irish Stew, seafood chowder, soda bread, and Ulster Fry.;

These dishes showcase the rich flavors and ingredients of North Irish cuisine and are commonly found in eateries near the giant Causeway. 

Souvenirs to buy:

When visiting this stunning site, you'll find various souvenirs that capture the essence of the area. Here are some popular souvenirs to consider buying:

Basalt-related items: Since the Giant's Causeway is famous for its distinctive basalt columns, you can purchase basalt-themed souvenirs such as keychains, coasters, and small decorative pieces made from basalt rock.

Postcards and prints: Look for postcards and art prints featuring images of the Giant's Causeway and the surrounding landscape. These make for affordable and easy-to-carry souvenirs.

Irish and Celtic jewelry: Many gift shops in the area offer a wide selection of Celtic and Irish-themed jewelry, including rings, necklaces, and bracelets. These often feature intricate designs inspired by Irish folklore.

Woolens and textiles: Ireland is renowned for its high-quality wool products. Consider buying traditional Irish scarves, sweaters, or blankets made from soft, warm wool as a souvenir.

Whiskey and spirits: Northern Ireland is known for its whiskey production. You can explore local distilleries and purchase a bottle of Irish whiskey or other spirits as a souvenir to enjoy or share with friends and family.

Traditional Irish music: Look for CDs or recordings of traditional Irish music performed by local artists. This can be a delightful way to remember your trip and enjoy the sounds of Ireland.

Handmade crafts: Explore local craft shops for unique handmade items like pottery, ceramics, glassware, or woodwork. These artisanal creations often showcase the talent and creativity of the local community.

Irish-themed clothing and accessories: You may find clothing items such as T-shirts, caps, or hoodies with Irish and Giant's Causeway-themed designs that make for comfortable and wearable souvenirs.

Books and literature: Pick up books or guidebooks about the Giant's Causeway and the region's geological history, folklore, or myths to gain a deeper understanding of the area.

Food and culinary items: If you enjoy Irish cuisine, consider purchasing some traditional Irish foods like soda bread, jams, or biscuits. You can also find Irish teas and coffees that make for delightful souvenirs.

Remember to check the local regulations and customs restrictions regarding what can be taken out of the country, especially if you plan to bring back food, alcohol, or agricultural products as souvenirs.

Is Ireland Safe to Travel?

Both Ireland and Northern Ireland are generally considered safe countries for travel. However, it's essential to keep in mind that safety conditions can change over time, and it's wise to stay informed about the current situation before planning your trip. Here are some key points to consider regarding safety:

Political Stability: Both Ireland and Northern Ireland have a stable political environment. The Good Friday Agreement in 1998 brought peace to Northern Ireland, significantly reducing political violence in the region.

Crime: Ireland and Northern Ireland, like any other destinations, may have some low-level crime, but they are generally safe for tourists. Exercise common-sense precautions, such as safeguarding your belongings and staying aware of your surroundings.

Health and Safety: Both countries have a well-developed healthcare system, and medical facilities are generally of high quality. It's advisable to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies when visiting any foreign country.

Natural Hazards: Ireland and Northern Ireland are not prone to significant natural disasters, but it's a good idea to be aware of weather conditions and any potential hazards, especially if you plan to engage in outdoor activities.

COVID-19 Considerations: As of 2022, the COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact travel worldwide. Be sure to check the latest travel advisories, entry requirements, and COVID-19 safety measures for Ireland and Northern Ireland before your trip.

Local Customs and Laws: Familiarize yourself with local customs and laws to ensure respectful and safe interactions with the local population. Respect cultural differences and follow any guidelines or regulations in place.

Transportation Safety: Both countries have well-maintained road networks and public transportation systems. Adhere to traffic rules and exercise caution when driving, especially if you're not used to driving on the left side of the road.

To ensure a safe and enjoyable trip, it's advisable to:

  • Stay updated on travel advisories and any specific safety concerns from your government's travel department or embassy.
  • Inform someone trustworthy about your travel plans and itinerary.
  • Keep important documents, such as passports and travel insurance information, in a secure place.
  • Be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded or tourist areas.
  • Follow any local health and safety guidelines, including those related to COVID-19.

Please note that conditions can change, so it's essential to consult up-to-date sources and consider your circumstances when assessing the safety of your travel destination.

Additional Tips for Wheelchair-bound Passengers/Travelers 

Well, the Giant's Causeway visitor center is Wheelchair accessible with ramps, elevators and accessible restrooms. However, navigating the uneven terrain of the Basalt Columns might be difficult. There are accessible pathways around the site for safety with the magical views. If you need any assistance, do not hesitate to seek help from the staff. They are usually very helpful and accommodating. Enjoy the scenery and stay safe during your visit.

Did this blog excite you? Explore our low-cost flight and hotel options to book a flight and add this marvel to your completed Wonder of the World bucket list. Leave a comment below ask a question or share your excitement with others. Your Giant's Causeway awaits!

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